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|Prevalence of Iron-Deficiency Anaemia in India: Results from a Large Nationwide Survey|
The wide prevalence of iron-deficiency anaemia is an indicator of the poornutritional status of the masses in India. This paper examines the prevalence and degreeof anaemia among children (0-71 months), adolescent girls (10-19 years) and pregnantwomen (15-44 years) in India and the influence of socio-economic-demographic factorson them. The analyses of anaemia from women and children in 620, 107 households arebased on the nutrition data collected during the District Level Household SurveyReproductive and Child Health (DLHS-RCH) in 2002-04 in India by the InternationalInstitute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai. The prevalence of any type ofanaemia is very high (more than 95 percent) among children, adolescents, and pregnantwomen in the country. Nearly thirty percent of adolescent girls are severely anaemic.The ordinal regression results show that degree of anaemia declines with increase inhousehold standard of living and educational attainment in general for all the threegroups of the study population. Parity has significant effect on anaemia among pregnantwomen. The analysis suggests that the implementation of the programme should bemore specific to reduce the level of anaemia and improves the nutritional status ofchildren, adolescent girls, and pregnant women.
Key words: Iron-deficiency anaemia, children, adolescent girl, pregnant woman, ordinalregression.